5 Major Differences Between Windows 10 and Linux

Saulo Velez


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For years now, there has been an unresolved debate about which operating system is better to use - Windows or Linux. With every new iteration, both platforms get better and carry a few flaws as well. With Microsoft pushing out their Windows 10 version, how does it differ from Linux? Well, there are a number of small and big details that make both operating systems different, but we take a look at five of the most major ones here.

1. Performance On Older Hardware

We all know that older PC’s cannot cope with the latest software and in turn, make browsing, gaming, and other mundane operations mind numbingly slow. So, to test which platform performs better - Windows 10 or Linux - run it on a old hardware. There will be one clear winner here and that is Linux. Windows 10 requires, at the least, a 1-2 GB RAM, a 1GHz processor, 16-20 GB hard disk space, and a DirectX 9 graphics card. Even with these minimalist specs, running Windows 10 will be exceedingly difficult. On the other hand, Ubuntu needs only a 512 MB RAM, 700 MHz processor, 5 GB of storage space, and VGA with 1024x768 screen resolution. Clearly, Linux can be run on practically any PC and its performance does not deteriorate.

2. Getting Updates

This is a major problem point, not only for Windows 10, but all Windows users. Updating a Windows PC takes a long time - up to 2 hours long. But the length of the update isn't the biggest concern, it's how and when the update hits your machine. Many users have lost important work because there is no warning as to when the update runs - it just automatically shuts the PC down. Compare that to Linux and you'll be cursing the day you chose Windows 10. Thanks to the package managers from Linux, updating is fast and reliable. How fast? In the time it takes for a Windows PC to reboot, plus a minute or so, you can carry out a apt-get dist-upgrade. And the best part is that the machine won't just restart itself as and when it chooses - you get to choose when the update runs.

3. Security Concerns

Nothing connected to the internet is completely secure and that is a known fact. Windows, however, seems to suffer a lot more than others in this department. Their users have always had to rely on third party softwares such as antivirus and anti-malware programs to help reduce the threat. With Windows 10, there have been a few advances in terms of security, but it isn't enough. Linux also has its problems with security, but not even close to what Windows 10 has. One of the biggest reasons for this is its popularity and use around the world. Because Linux has fewer users, it is a lot safer than Windows. Another reason behind its better security is the fact that the Linux security design is far tougher to hack into, unlike Windows.

4. Importance Of Privacy

For a long time now, Windows 10 has been in the spotlight for its lack of privacy features. Even the EFF or Electronic Frontier Foundation claims that Windows 10 doesn't have regard for its users privacy. The platforms methods for data collection are extremely problematic. In order to bring it under control, the company launched a privacy dashboard that is web-based and gives users control of data collection. Unlike Windows 10, Linux ensures all it's users that their privacy is of utmost importance. While there was some issues with Ubuntu Unity and its online privacy feature, the company has gone on to disable the search feature on Unity’s online privacy. Now, Linux doesn't collect its user's data which makes using it a lot more secure.

5. Open vs. Closed

In comparison, both Windows 10 and Linux are great at getting a job done, but is that truly enough? With open source systems ruling the day, Microsoft seems to be lagging behind and even though they do support open source with Azure, they don't benefit from the system. There is even an Open Source site created by Microsoft that is used for OpenDev on Azure, but yet again, there are no benefits - it is all proprietary when it comes to Microsoft. Linux, however, is open for all to view, use, and develop. It embraces open source and encourages users to help make their platforms a lot better.

As you can see, Windows 10 and Linux are vastly different and choosing either depends entirely on preference. While it may seem that Linux is clearly a better option, many users still trust in Microsoft. In the end, it is the user that decides which system he is most comfortable working on. What is your choice?